What community health nursing intervention strategies will best be suited to address your selected health concern?
Goals (discussion4) After completing this module, you will be able to do the following: Plan a primary prevention or health promotion project, targeted for a specific population Consider educational strategies and select appropriate teaching techniques Overview: You will need to reference Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) when selecting your topic and state the corresponding objective number from the website upon which you are basing your project. For example: If your topic is the prevention of obesity, you may select objective NWS-9: Objective NWS-9 Development of a strategy for addressing the selected community health concern should be tailored to the target audience’s needs and resources available in the community. A project plan should include goals and objectives, a plan for implementation and evaluation of the project. Discussion Question: What community health nursing intervention strategies will best be suited to address your selected health concern? How you will integrate these methods into your project? (TOPIC is obesity among the Hispanics in the south side of San Antonio, TX) Your initial posting should be 400 words in length and utilize at least one scholarly source other than the textbook. Learning Materials Minnesota Department of Health: https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/practice/research/phncouncil/wheel.html Minnesota Intervention Wheel.pdf Minnesota Intervention Wheel Definitions.pdf (pasted below) Population Based Levels of Care Public Health Interventions with Definitions Public Health Intervention Definition Surveillance- Describes and monitors health events through ongoing and systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health data for the purpose of planning, implementing, and evaluating public health interventions. [Adapted from MMWR, 1988] Disease and other health event -investigation Systematically gathers and analyzes data regarding threats to the health of populations, ascertains the source of the threat, identifies cases and others at risk, and determines control measures. Outreach-Locates populations-of-interest or populations-at-risk and provides information about the nature of the concern, what can be done about it, and how services can be obtained. Screening Identifies individuals with unrecognized health risk factors or asymptomatic disease conditions in populations. Case-finding Locates individuals and families with identified risk factors and connects them with resources. Referral and follow-up Assist individuals, families, groups, organizations, and/or communities to identify and access necessary resources in to prevent or resolve problems or concerns. Case management Optimizes self-care capabilities of individuals and families and the capacity of systems and communities to coordinate and provide services. Delegated functions Direct care tasks a registered professional nurse carries out under the authority of a health care practitioner as allowed by law. Delegated functions also include any direct care tasks a registered professional nurse entrusts to other appropriate personnel to perform. Health teaching Communicates facts, ideas and skills that change knowledge, attitudes, values, beliefs, behaviors, and practices of individuals, families, systems, and/or communities. Counseling Establishes an interpersonal relationship with a community, a system, family or individual intended to increase or enhance their capacity for self-care and coping. Counseling engages the community, a system, family or individual at an emotional level. Consultation Seeks information and generates optional solutions to perceived problems or issues through interactive problem solving with a community, system, family or individual. The community, system, family or individual selects and acts on the option best meeting the circumstances. Collaboration Commits two or more persons or organizations to achieve a common goal through enhancing the capacity of one or more of the members to promote and protect health. [adapted from Henneman, Lee, and Cohen “Collaboration: A Concept Analysis” in J. Advanced Nursing Vol 21 1995: 103-109] Coalition building Promotes and develops alliances among organizations or constituencies for a common purpose. It builds linkages, solves Minnesota Department of Health Section of Public Health Nursing March 2001 problems, and/or enhances local leadership to address health concerns. Community organizing Helps community groups to identify common problems or goals, mobilize resources, and develop and implement strategies for reaching the goals they collectively have set. [adapted from Minkler, M (ed) Community Organizing and Community Building for Health (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Univ. Press) 1997; 30] Advocacy Pleads someone’s cause or act on someone’s behalf, with a focus on developing the community, system, individual or family’s capacity to plead their own cause or act on their own behalf. Social marketing Utilizes commercial marketing principles and technologies for programs designed to influence the knowledge, attitudes, values, beliefs, behaviors, and practices of the population-of-interest. Policy development Places health issues on decision-makers’ agendas, acquires a plan of resolution, and determines needed resources. Policy development results in laws, rules and regulation, ordinances, and policies. Policy enforcement Compels others to comply with the laws, rules, regulations, ordinances and policies created in conjunction with policy develop
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