Research methodologies and their importance in generating an evidence-based practice for nursing are explored
Overview: This module provides an overview of nursing research, the history of research, and the significance of research evidence for nursing practice. Research methodologies and their importance in generating an evidence-based practice for nursing are explored. Current trends and events in healthcare and the nursing profession are examined in the context of the evolution of nursing research. The module explains importance of nursing research in developing an evidence-based practice and the nurse’s role in research is addressed. The past, present, and future of nursing research are explored, including the scientific accomplishments in the profession over the last 150 years. The ways of acquiring knowledge in nursing are discussed, including the significance of research in developing nursing knowledge. The module describes the components and steps of the evidence based practice process, reasons for implementing evidence based practice and major healthcare initiatives whose focus is to increase the use of evidence based practice. Strategies for developing searchable clinical questions and conducting a literature review for relevant evidence to answer clinical questions are explored. Research designs, types of evidence and key questions that are part of the rapid critical appraisal process are identified are discussed. Learning Materials: Melnyk, B. M. & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2015). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice (3rd ed.) Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health. ISBN: 978-1-4511-9094-6. Read Chapters 1, 2, and 3. Worksheet: Question Templates for Asking PICOT Questions Application Case Study: Chapter 3: Finding Relevant Evidence to Answer Clinical Questions Related Resources: Research and view the below sites: Joanna Briggs Institute (2019). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). (n.d.). The Cochrane Collaboration. (n.d.). American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN). (2018). American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN). (2006, March 13). AACN Position Statement on Nursing Research. Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2018). The IHI Triple Aim. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2018, September). Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute. (2018). American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC). ANCC Magnet Recognition Program. Assignment: Identifying A Clinical Question Write a 1000-1500-word essay addressing each of the following points/questions. Be sure to completely answer all the questions for each bullet point. There should be three main sections, one for each bullet below. Separate each section in your paper with a clear heading that allows your professor to know which bullet you are addressing in that section of your paper. Support your ideas with at least five (5) sources using citations in your essay. Make sure to cite using the APA writing style for the essay. The cover page and reference page in correct APA do not count towards the minimum word amount. Review the rubric criteria for this assignment. Identify a clinical question related to your work environment, write the question in PICOT format and perform a literature search on the identified topic. Purpose: To enable the student to identify a clinical question related to a specified area of practice and use medical and nursing databases to find research articles that will provide evidence to validate nursing interventions regarding a specific area of nursing practice. Review the Application Case Study for Chapter 3: Finding Relevant Evidence to Answer Clinical Questions as a guide for your literature search. Guidelines: Identify a clinical question related to your area of clinical practice and write the clinical foreground question in PICOT format utilizing the worksheet tool provided as a guide. Describe why this is a clinical problem or an opportunity for improving health outcomes in your area of clinical practice. Perform a literature search and select five research articles on your topic utilizing the databases highlighted in Chapter 3 of the textbook (Melnyk and Finout-Overholt, 2015). Identify the article that best supports nursing interventions for your topic. Explain why this article best supports your topic as you compare the article to the other four found in the literature search. Assignment Expectations: Length: 1000 – 1500 words Structure: Include a title page and reference page in APA format. These do not count towards the minimum word count for this assignment. Your essay must include an introduction and a conclusion. References: Use appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions. A minimum of five (5) scholarly sources are required for this assignment to support the topic. My Picot is 75-year-old Caucasian, with a 30 pack history of smoking, now seeking treatment for chemotherapy and radiation.
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