The Belmont report subsequently was adopted as regulations for all research involving people supported or conducted by the US Department of Health and Human Services. The Common Regulations setting out the requirements for: review by the Institutional Review Board (IRB), informed consent, and additional protection to vulnerable populations govern all U.S. Government financed research, domestic and international human rights subjects. Polit and Beck (2011) have identified as vulnerable populations: children, people with mental or emotional disabilities, those with severe physical or illnesses, terminally ill people, institutionalized persons and women pregnant. Prior to conducting a study, research plans must be submitted to IRB to ensure that the plans put forward comply with federal ethical research requirements. The National Health Institutes also require that projects supported by NIH meet the current protection requirements for human subjects.
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