Module 1: Written Response 3, “The Apology”
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Directions: Below and in “Files” you will find The Apology by Plato. This is an edited, shortened version from Manuel Velasquez’s text, Philosophy. Please read it. The longer version appears here: http://www2.hawaii.edu/~freeman/courses/phil100/04.%20Apology.pdf (Links to an external site.)
Write a post and discuss and summarize the final paragraph argument (on page 2 in brackets) Plato uses in his self-defense. Respond to two classmates. Attached, are some questions to help you in writing your post. Answer the last one for your response. You don’t need to answer them all, just use them, if you like, for a thought organizer.
Socrates was put to trial because he was thought to be a heretic and therefore dangerous to children as well. Even after he proved them wrong, the jury still decided to execute him because they were biased against him to begin with. Plus Socrates chose to be provocative instead of trying to save his life with every means he could. He acquired this reputation from the people he examined and their friends as well. Socrates didn’t pull his punches into making them look stupid. He set out to examine many different men from their respected branches of knowledge because an oracle in Delphi told a friend of Socrates that he was the wisest man among all man when asked; “Who is the wisest person?”. He understood the oracle in this way: The wisest person, among all of you, might as well be Socrates since this kind of wisdom doesn’t amount to much when compared with divine wisdom. Needless to say, Socrates wasn’t very convinced by the oracle so he had to figure it out by examining all these men. The verdict was thus reached; The men who was thought to be wise did know many great things, but their wisdom was overshadowed by believing they know something what they don’t in fact. On the other hand, those who weren’t thought to be wise was usually better off since they did not claim to know something they didn’t. In the last paragraph, Socrates claims that death may be a good thing for good men. For if it is a complete unconsciousness, being in the most peaceful state, is a gain. If it is a passage to another world where the dead live, then, It is one of the greatest thing that can happen to him. For there he will be able to continue his quest in finding out who is really wise.
Socrates’ life purpose was to find wisdom. Socrates sought to understand life and Its purpose.
Socrates sought after someone wiser than himself because he knew no one was wiser than him and went off to prove it.
Socrates was sentenced to death because his views went against the majority and in their eyes, he was spewing blasphemy in his teachings. Socrates was a bit of a condescending man as he went around Athens arguing with people on their opinions and finding contradictions in their statements.
Socrates was popular with the young men because he is more aware of his ignorance which also piqued the interest of wealthier youth interest who were more used to wise men ignoring their ignorance.
In the final paragraph of the Apology by Plato, Socrates states that his death doesn’t have to be a bad occurence. Socrates defends himself and gives warning to the judges that history won’t be kind to them as he left his teachings in the hands of his students and they will share why events had occurred.
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