Barstow Community College Types of Speeches And Communications Questions


1-In your own words, describe the differences between Manuscript, Memorized, Impromptu, and Extemporaneous delivery methods. Give examples of when you might use these methods

2-The extemporaneous delivery method is generally considered the best speech method. In your opinion, why is it the best? How does it help you relate to your audience? In what ways do you think the extemporaneous method is received by the audience vs. reading to them?


  1. Using what you learned from the lecture notes what are your initial thoughts on the structure of her speech? What do you think is her attention-getter? What is her clincher?  What do you think the purpose of her speech is and how does the structure of the speech support that purpose? What other techniques does she use to engage her audience? 
  2. Thinking back to last week’s lecture on glossophobia and this week’s reading about Communication Anxiety (Ch 11)  what do you think we can learn about facing our own fears in public speaking from her presentation?  Do you think a speaker has to be perfect to engage their audience?
  3. Please watch this video on YouTube Megan Washington: Why I live in mortal dread of public speaking 216K views · 6 years ago


What it is: A delivery method done by using a manuscript, or by reading it to your audience

When it’s used: This is a method used when there is a long speech, or you have to be extremely careful with your words, like in a political speech. These are often the speeches that you see done with a teleprompter.

The pitfalls: The problem with this kind of speech is that it can sound robotic. You also run the risk of having your eyes down the whole time, and we connect to our audience by looking at them. Think about how you sound when you read vs. when you speak conversationally. There is often a different cadence to our voices when we read.

Here is a video discussion of different delivery methods, with a focus on preparation and on the use of teleprompters which is what you will often use in the Manuscript delivery method. This video is specifically addressing communication through video (rather than in-person public speaking) But there are some helpful tips regarding how we deliver speeches. You don’t need to know all of the info about technology that she goes into, however it is interesting considering how much communication is happening via technology these days.



What it is: This is when you memorize your speech word for word.

When it’s used: People use this method when they are presenting at events. Students often want to use this method for class speeches.

The pitfalls: The problem with this kind of speaking is, like the Memorized method, we can sound overly rehearsed or robotic. Also, with this method, sometimes we will forget your place or invert a sentence, and we panic. We panic because we are strict with ourselves, and this can not only make us loose are place but can make us freak out a little bit.


What it is: This method is used when we don’t have a lot of time to prepare, and we have to speak on the spot.

When it’s used: This is sometimes used at speaking events or even in work settings. For example, your boss may ask you on the spot to share with the group about the current project you have been working.

The pitfalls: The problem with this delivery method is that we can feel nervous, ramble, or um a lot.

*That said, learning how to do a basic outline will help with those pitfalls. Impromptu speaking is a great skill to have! Here is a video that gives some tips on impromptu speaking:



What it is: This is a bit of a mix of all the different methods. In this style of speaking, you create a basic outline where you are clear about all of your main points and transitions, but you don’t overly memorize it. In this type of method, you use the speaking outline to give you clues on what to talk about next.

When it’s used: You can use this method in just about any situation. The longer the speech, the more challenging it may become, but it can still be effective.

The pitfalls: There are not a lot of pitfalls with this method, it is the one we will be focusing on in this course because it is so effective.